24TH ANNUAL GENERAL CONFERENCE OF THE IFP YOUTH BRIGADE
ON THE THEME
YOUTH ON THE FRONTLINE OF THE
MANGOSUTHU BUTHELEZI, MP
PRESIDENT, INKATHA FREEDOM PARTY Ulundi : September 7, 2002
The Master of Ceremonies; the National Chairperson of the Youth Brigade, Mr MB Khawula; the Rev Dr MS Mnyandu who conducted opening prayers; the National Chairman, Dr LPHM Mtshali; the Deputy National Chairman, Dr BS Ngubane; the General Secretary of Administration, Mr MZ Khumalo; members of the Royal House present and amaKhosi; the National Chairperson of the Women's Brigade, Mrs A Mchunu; the Chairperson Emeritus of the Youth Brigade, the Rev KM Zondi; Ministers of Religion present; members of the National Council; Members of the national Parliament; members of provincial Parliaments; Mayors, Councillors and Indunas present; delegates to this Conference, members of the IFP, my brothers and sisters.
This is an important Conference of the Youth Brigade of the Inkatha Freedom Party. This Conference is not only important for our Youth Brigade but it is, indeed, a milestone in the history of our Party. This Conference must be productive of very tangible results which will bring about tangible changes, not only in the political context in which we operate, but also within our Party. It is significant that we are promoting these changes from the platform of the Youth Brigade and by relying on the strength and initiative of our youth. This is no coincidence. The future belongs to our youth. Change, transformation and progress must begin from our youth and walk on the legs of our youth.
This Conference of the Youth Brigade follows on the very important, and indeed historic, Annual General Conference of our Party. Our Annual General Conference was a political occasion in which we looked outwardly at the surrounding political landscape to identify the specific challenges which face the IFP in its eternal quest to defend and to improve upon democracy. This Conference of the Youth Brigade should carry the responsibility of implementing those resolutions which were adopted by the Annual General Conference in the specific context within which the youth operate. In fact, those resolutions bind all of us and all the organs and structures of our Party, equally. However, I feel that this Conference of the Youth Brigade should have an additional objective over and above that of carrying forward a political direction set out by our Annual General Conference. This Conference should offer the opportunity to take an inward look at the challenges facing the IFP to promote democratic growth, accountability and efficiency within our own Party structures.
There are great challenges confronting democracy. They are all around us. The quest for democracy is never accomplished. The blessings of democracy are never secured. Democracy is never perfect and is always subject to improvement. Democracy is not a concept or a formula to distribute parliamentary seats. Democracy is about enabling each and every citizen to participate in the governance of the country and make his or her voice heard. Democracy is about social justice, including eliminating the scourge of poverty, unemployment and criminality. Democracy is about building a better society which distributes more equitably amongst all its members the many blessings which life makes available. Democracy is also about improving on political life and the functions and structures of any political party.
The IFP has been in existence for 27 years. Today’s IFP is very different from that which it was at the time of its inception, even though we remain consistently faithful to our principles and vision. The IFP of today is also very different from what it will be 27 years down the road. This is an unprecedented time of change and transformation. At this time it seems that the only constant is, indeed, change. The IFP has never lagged behind change. The IFP has always moved ahead of change, anticipating and leading change. We need to do the same at this critical juncture of our history. We need to direct change to strengthen democracy and ensure that in its own internal life, the IFP excels in the practice of democracy and shows how democracy is all about individual empowerment.
It is not inappropriate for me to talk about how our Party should change ahead of change and become a leader of democracy while I am at this Conference of the Youth Brigade. I believe that the Party belongs to the youth. All those who serve in politics with the type of dedication which I have tried to teach, should measure the value of what they do, not only on the basis of whether it is beneficial for them and their constituencies, but also whether it is going to be good for the generations to come. If each of us were constantly to ask ourselves whether what we do is good for our children and grand-children, politics would be a much cleaner, nobler and inspired field of human endeavour.
I am deeply aware of the role that the youth has played in our Party since its inception. The IFP was formed by the youth. When we formed Inkatha 27 years ago, we were all much younger than we are now and we brought into Inkatha the enthusiasm which we nourished as young people. Indeed, I do not feel that I have ever grown out of feeling the same passion for politics, freedom and democracy which inspired me as a youth during my days at Fort Hare University. I remember how those who were around me 27 years ago were even younger than myself. I remember the enthusiastic youthfulness and already precocious wisdom, of Dr Frank Mdlalose, our National Chairman Emeritus. I remember Dr Dennis Madide, Dr Oscar Dhlomo and all the others who were with us when we took a leap forward into the unknown and formed Inkatha in one of the most difficult times of our national history. We were all moved by fire in our bellies and passion in our hearts. I remember the even more youthful enthusiasm and passion of the late Musa Mkhize, the Reverend Musa Zondi, Ntwe Mafole and John Bhengu, to name just a few among so many.
This is the same fire and passion which has been burning in me since I was a young boy enamoured with democracy, freedom and justice. This is the same fire and passion which continue to give me life, as strongly as ever before. This is the fire and passion which we must ignite in this Conference and from here in the hearts and minds of the youth anywhere in South Africa. However, first and foremost, we must re-ignite the same fire within our Party structures, ranging from our single branches anywhere in the country all the way to our National Council. The youth of our Party has a fundamentally important role to play in this respect.
I, Mangosuthu Buthelezi, am committed to bringing much greater fire and passion within the Party. The challenges ahead demand a passionate IFP with fire in its belly. The present times demand that the IFP rises to the challenge of protecting democracy wherever democracy is threatened. Democracy is threatened when political representatives do not carry out the mandate of their constituency and when the contract between the voters and those who are elected, is broken. Our Annual General Conference condemned the legislation which allows political representatives to cross the floor, taking with them their seat and the many votes which were cast to elect them. This is a major breach of trust and it is, indeed, a treason of the will of the people.
We are waiting for the outcome of the Constitutional Court case in which this immoral, vile and despicable piece of legislation has been challenged. Irrespective of whether the Court will find it constitutional or unconstitutional, the judgment of history has been passed and the moral victory is ours. Even if, because of reasons which are not known to me, the Constitutional Court deems it constitutional, it will not be able to detract from the fact that the crossing of the floor legislation remains immoral, vile and despicable. Whatever the verdict of the Court may be, this legislation and what it stands for, will stand forever as an act of treachery and a betrayal of the voters of South Africa.
For me with my long career in public life, I have known many personal betrayals by many people in whom I reposited my trust. So I am not just speaking here about those who betrayed me or stabbed me in the back, for I can tell you of many in the past who used to swear - unprompted by myself or anybody - with tears flowing down their cheeks, that they will die whenever I die. I have known false friends and false followers in my life. What makes it painful this time is that the people voted for me and my Party, and while I do not mind being betrayed by turncoats, it is unbearable for me to see people going to other parties through legislation and taking with them votes that were actually cast for me and the Party, and not for them as individuals.
I have for decades said that we as human beings are weak and that human beings often easily fall into temptations of one kind or another. What is painful is to see someone you thought was a comrade selling his or her soul for a mess of pottage. We should not question people's right to change their views and join other parties. After all, our slogan is "Democracy means freedom to choose." But we know for a fact that in implementing this legislation a lot of palms are being greased! Some people are being bribed with money and others are offered all sorts of inducements. This is not a question of people exercising their right to choose. It is a question of people betraying the Party for patronage. This has never been the IFP's style of politics. We are aware of what has been done during virtually every election by certain people who were hired by the IEC to work at polling stations. This is not a good sign for us in South Africa. With this style of politics creeping into our country, it is quite clear that even our country has a vulnerability which will not enable us to live up to the standards set by principles that underpin even the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). The crossing-of-the-floor legislation is to me the veritable thin end of the wedge.
However, albeit that the crossing-of-the-floor legislation is indeed a great South African tragedy, it nonetheless offers us the opportunity to think more and think better about what the relationship between elected representatives and voters ought to be. On prior occasions in our conferences we have discussed the fact that our Party must ensure that those who are elected are, indeed, leaders of people and have a constituency of their own. It is even more outrageous and infuriating when elected representatives, who had no constituency and were not leaders of people, betray us by crossing the floor, stealing votes, the seat and the voters’ trust. We must ensure that this South African tragedy becomes a warning bell to bring about greater democratic representation within IFP structures. We need to ensure that leaders are chosen by the people and that they become leaders because of the support of the people. It is time to cut down the dead wood once and for all. It is time to announce that the IFP will no longer carry people who cannot carry the IFP.
From this Conference we must voice and pledge our commitment to ensuring that no one will ever be carried again as an IFP candidate in national, provincial or municipal lists, unless they are selected through a process which secures and verifies that they have actual constituency support to justify them becoming a Member of Parliament, a Member of the provincial Legislature or an IFP Councillor. We must ensure that candidates are elected by the people and that only a small number may be appointed on the basis of their skills or other criteria, which highlights a different type of contribution which they can make to our Party. Even the ranking of candidates on our lists should reflect their relative support base and the votes received by each candidate. This is not only important to ensure morality and democracy within the IFP, but is also important to move the IFP forward. We need leaders with constituencies to move the IFP forward. We need to have leaders who can carry the IFP by knowing what the people on the ground want, feel and think. The future of the IFP depends on our embracing democracy to the fullest extent possible and empowering those who, like myself and my colleagues 27 years ago, are part and parcel of the constituencies of our support base.
The doors of the IFP are open to anyone who has constituencies to bring. We are a Party of constituencies. We are a Party which seeks inclusiveness. Our philosophical outlook and political ideology is such that we can accommodate each and every one of South Africa’s constituencies. This is one of the most important reasons underpinning the need to bring the IFP into playing an ever greater role of governance within South Africa. We are the only Party which can represent and empower all constituencies. We are the only Party through which each and every constituency can speak with its own voice. This is our philosophy of pluralism. We must now implement this philosophy to an even greater extent as far as our internal political life is concerned.
We must establish a much closer tie between each leader and each constituency, so that at any given time we can point out who is serving any given constituency and which constituency bore the responsibility and privilege of electing any given leader.
We must also tighten the discipline of our elected political representatives so that they may be held more accountable for what they do and deliver. We must promote a new culture of service and delivery within our Party. Let us make no mistake. There are many of our political representatives who have performed an excellent job and have serviced their constituencies with great dedication. However, there are others who are not pulling along with the rest of the Party. Their performance is unsatisfactory. Their results are negligible, and their efforts do not provide fruits from which anyone can obtain nourishment. Often there are even people who do not put sufficient effort into their political work. Many of them are allowed to get away with it because of the insufficient level of political accountability and reporting back to constituencies. It should be the role of constituencies to hold political representatives accountable for what they do. Our National Council cannot perform this role all by itself. Accountability should be from the bottom up, not from the top down, and leaders should report as much to the grassroots as they do to our National Council.
Some of your youth leaders are members of National Council and they can tell you how, over the years, I have constantly appealed to IFP members who are our representatives at all three levels of government, to work hard, to pull up their socks and to account to our constituencies. Some have done so, but quite a large number just never take me seriously. Some of you were old enough in 1994 to see how voters, particularly in this province, voted for the IFP after I had announced only seven days before elections that we were going to participate. You will remember that we had decided not to participate in elections because the issue of the Monarchy, and other outstanding issues, had not been sorted out. You may know or may have heard, that after we signed an Agreement that there would be international mediation on these issues, we decided to go into elections.
Before the 1999 elections, you know the amount of campaigning I did. I appealed to our members to work hard to mobilise voters. Each time we had a National Council meeting, I would tell my colleagues in the National Council how many days we had left before the next elections. Some leaders, as I have said, heeded my call and others worked as hard in constituencies as I did, including some of our young elephants such as Mandla "Ndlov'encane" Malakoana. As you may remember, he worked side by side with me. We even travelled together in the IFP election bus that was driven by Minister Singh. As you know, although we were still the Party that polled the highest votes in this Province, we failed to get an outright majority which we had garnered in the 1994 elections without any canvassing. The trouble as I saw it then, and which I see even now, is that there are a number of IFP leaders who think that as long as I am the leader of this Party, we will always win. So as long as I am alive, they are not prepared to lift a finger to mobilise voters to vote for the Party. I mention this because had IFP leaders heeded my pleas, particularly in the National Council, not even this crossing-of-the-floor legislation would have affected us, had we achieved the majority we had in 1994. Democracy is a question of numbers. It is this fact which has prompted those who conceived this immoral legislation to rob voters of their votes by allowing the rats to cross the floor, to do what they have now done to us in the KwaZulu Natal Legislature.
I want to caution those amongst you who are saying that the people who betrayed us did so because they are white. Nothing can be further from the truth than this. Turncoats come in all colours. We struggled for the liberation of our country because we hated racism. We cannot now be turned into racists merely because the two IFP turncoats in the KwaZulu Natal Legislature are white. I wish to remind you that in fact in 1994 the majority of whites in this Province voted for me. We know that Ms Belinda Scott (nee Barrett) who hates me and the Party with such passion, was originally listed in 1994 through me and the Party. She had worked with me before that when she was employed under Dr Gavin Woods at the Inkatha Institute. I was a bit surprised when she defected to the Democratic Party, but I shrugged it off as a case of her exercising her right to choose. But when she now defects as she has done to the African National Congress in less than five years in the DA, I begin to wonder of what stuff she is made, and whether it is not a case of being without any integrity rather than exercising her right to choose. It will be interesting to see what Party Ms Belinda Scott will join next.
By relating to you all these things which have happened to us through the crossing-of-the-floor legislation, I am trying to stress the importance of hard work. If the Youth Brigade is weak and members are indolent, that will be the end of this Party. Democracy does not come cheap. It is a matter of conviction plus hard, hard work. All good things have to be sweated for. Democracy will not fall on our laps like manna. What has happened to us now should indicate to each and every one of us that we need to wake up and hitch our wagon to a star. The crossing-of-the-floor legislation by a country which has such a democratic constitution and a Bill of Rights, is the most serious indication so far that our democracy may soon be under threat.
I announced during the Annual Conference that I would disclose at this Conference the steps I wish to take to put our political house in order. I meant this. However, owing to the fact that we still do not know which way the decision of the Constitutional Court will go, I felt that it was not opportune to proceed with these plans at this juncture.
Strengthening internal democracy will prepare our Party to deal with the many challenges facing democracy throughout the country. Democracy now must be defended and promoted on the frontline trenches of community work. Democracy is threatened by HIV/AIDS which is decimating our people. The youth must pick up the responsibility of fighting the war against HIV/AIDS and be on the frontline of this effort. Across the spectrum of the many activities which are required to fight our war on HIV/AIDS, the youth can provide a life-saving or a life-nourishing contribution. The youth has a pivotal role to play in promoting education on the facts of HIV/AIDS. We must begin talking about the facts of HIV/AIDS openly. We will not win the war against HIV/AIDS for as long as this terrible disease is shrouded in a negative stigma. It is just a disease, no matter how terrible it may be. It is not a moral punishment. It is not anything to be ashamed of. It is not something which anyone should feel at fault for. It is no different from malaria or tuberculosis. Unless we overcome the stigma which surrounds HIV/AIDS, people will unnecessarily continue to die and suffer. We need to give birth to a new generation of young people who break away from the stigma of HIV/AIDS and deal with it purely as a medical pandemic which needs to be addressed rationally and pragmatically.
The youth must be on the frontline of this paradigm change. Change comes from young people. The most important change is that which operates with the way in which we look at things. Throughout the history of mankind, any change in material conditions came about from a change of ideas, perceptions and paradigms. You are the generation which must make the change and produce new ideas so that your ideas may change the future world. In respect of HIV/AIDS it is essential that we move from the paradigm of denial to that of acknowledgment. We also need to move from the paradigm of rejection to that of acceptance. People with HIV/AIDS not only need to be fully accepted by their families and communities and in their work-places, but they also need to receive a special measure of assistance, affection and social solidarity. We must embrace people with HIV/AIDS because they require a greater measure of our love and assistance.
We must create a new society which is more caring and draws deeper from our roots of ubuntu. The call of social solidarity and mutual assistance must go beyond those who are affected by HIV/AIDS. It must embrace all those who are in need. The times ahead are hard and harsh. The world is facing a period of economic recession. The South African economy remains unable to provide for the needs of all its citizens. Many mistakes have been made by us as the central government which over and again failed to take heed of the wisdom which the IFP tried to bring forward and which would have assisted in creating greater employment generation and reducing poverty. Consequently, ever-growing masses of our people no longer enjoy the benefits of a life which is free from the enslavement of poverty, unemployment and lack of essential services. Life is getting harder for many people. This places a special burden on the youth. Employment opportunities are few and the possibilities for young people to become economically independent, are shrinking. I take no satisfaction in having predicted that this would happen.
On the 12th of February this year when I responded to our President's State of the Nation address in Parliament, I expressed my amazement that in spite of the fact that we have the best Minister of Finance our country has ever had, and that our fiscal policy as a government is excellent, we still do not attract investments into South Africa. To me this remains a mystery. You know how volatile our currency is and you are now used to the daily fluctuations of the Rand. We also now have a high inflation rate, all of which have enormous consequences for the food price index. All this is taking place in the midst of the kind of unemployment where passing Standard 10 or even having a degree, does not ensure that one will get a job. Zimbabwe is our biggest trading partner, and what is happening there has an impact on our situation here.
Whenever I am abroad and talk to people, I find that rightly or wrongly, the perception is embedded in many people's minds that Zimbabwe is just a tenth Province of the Republic of South Africa. As we all know, Zimbabwe is an independent sovereign state and even when it was a colony, it was never a colony of South Africa, but it was a colony of Great Britain. The impact of all this is felt more severely by so many of our youth who are unemployed. I take no pleasure in seeing that things have gone this way because the ruling Party did not heed my warnings and suggestions from the IFP. However, we are faced with the situation which now demands immediate responses. The youth itself must provide some of these responses and be on the frontline of self-help and self-reliance.
We need to work in all communities to create better conditions for those who will suffer because of the worsening of the social and economic situation. It is important that the youth makes its contribution of leadership in developing opportunities for itself. We need new ideas for our country. We need new economic visions. We need a new spirit of enthusiasm, productivity and optimism. We need a new generation devoted to success. Success will not be delivered to your doorstep. Success is not something to pray or hope for. Success is the product of the effort and discipline which one puts into doing things. Success is born out of the will and optimism to succeed. We need a profound paradigm shift from the impotence of pessimism to the glory of optimism. The IFP Youth Brigade must be on the frontline of the new "go and get it" attitude which is now marking the making of a new generation of South Africans who have realized that success is manufactured on a daily basis through hard work, discipline and optimism. Throughout history we have witnessed the flourishing of optimism when economic conditions were flourishing and opulence blessed vast segments of any given society. In our condition we must have the courage to dare to promote and nourish optimism even in the face of adversity. By so doing we will manufacture a reservoir of courage and stamina which will lead to our collective success.
As a Party, the IFP must receive positively, openly and constructively the optimism and enthusiasm which the Youth Brigade can engender. The Youth Brigade has a role of its own to play in the unfolding of our politics. It is not just to implement that which our Party promotes and our National Council deliberates. It is also to take its own decisions and initiatives and carry them forward towards success. Politics is becoming younger by the day. Increasingly, it is the perceptions, perspectives and aspirations of the young people that control opinion-making. For this reason, it is essential that the Youth Brigade provides its own leadership, especially by carrying out electoral activities. I rely on our Youth Brigade to secure an electoral victory for our Party in the next national and provincial elections. We must begin our electoral preparation from this very moment. Elections are expected to take place in April 2004 which leaves us less than 18 months to transfuse our optimism and enthusiasm into a tangible electoral victory. Let us dream of our electoral victory and let us concretise our dreams through hard political work. We must begin registering young people on the voters’ roll, especially those who will be voting for the first time in 2004. We must ensure that the voice of new generations is heard by placing young people on the voters’ roll.
The Youth Brigade must also carry out the fundamental mission of maintaining the interest of new generations in politics. Young people must be motivated to vote. They must be motivated to participate in politics. We should make no mistake in believing that we are not all collegially responsible for what happens in our country. The future of our country belongs to the young people. Do not allow anyone to ruin your future by becoming distracted and disinterested by what happens in politics. A great deal of constant, dedicated and patriotic good politics can day by day build South Africa into a better country. However, it takes a short season of bad politics and a few fundamental mistakes by Government, to ruin our country and spoil your future for many decades to come. We need not look further to see how this can happen at short notice and on a disastrous scale.
Our neighbour Zimbabwe, as I have already indicated, is experiencing a crisis of catastrophic dimensions because of ill-conceived policies. An entire country has been ruined, an entire economy is bankrupt, large masses of people are starving, democratic institutions have disintegrated, the rule of law has collapsed and civilization and progress have been set back in the short time-frame of a few years. The young generation of Zimbabwe has been deprived of its future. Our Annual General Conference deliberated on all this and restated that it is our responsibility as a Party to take heed of this neighbouring catastrophe and avoid that lack of democratic vigilance may weaken our own democracy. It is the responsibility of the youth to be on the frontline of maintaining, promoting and propagating democratic vigilance. Each of you must be a democrat and believe in democracy as the only frame-work within which your future can be protected.
Our Annual General Conference made it clear that our own democracy is under many threats. This means that your own future is under threat. I have dedicated my life to promoting, achieving and defending democracy. I will continue to do so for as long as God Almighty leaves a breath of air in my lungs. However, it is also your responsibility to take up the baton of freedom and carry it forward to the time in which the defence of freedom and democracy will be your exclusive responsibility. Among you are the Buthelezis, the Mdlaloses, the Madidas and the Dhlomos of the future. Each of you must feel an individual responsibility to protect democracy. If democracy is under threat you must ask yourself what will you do to protect it. It is essential that the IFP youth canvas support from young people from all over South Africa. We need to bring the debate into schools, work-places, communities and anywhere else where the youth is present. The debate must focus on the threats to democracy as they were identified and discussed by our Annual General Conference so that the youth can come together and loudly proclaim that they shall not allow their future to ever be jeopardized by a lack of democracy.
Have the courage to think. Have the daring to speak out. Have the boldness to challenge the limits of what you know and what you see, in the name of a dream which is larger than present day horizons. It is said that reasonable people will adjust to their environment, rather than trying to adjust their environment to their own needs. Yet progress only comes when individuals have the boldness to attempt to change their circumstances according to their dreams. It is the prerogative of the youth to initiate change. For the sake of South Africa and for the love of democracy, I have respected and appreciated this prerogative all my life.
Therefore, I invite you and the youth of South Africa to join me in the reasonable attitude of creating a better world for your future far beyond the horizons of what we now know. We can do it if we remain inspired by a consuming love for South Africa and a passion for freedom and democracy. Our love for South Africa led us in the past to bring our country together because we knew that we could not break it apart by dividing it with fratricidal conflicts. For this reason, we rejected the armed struggle and invoked the need for a negotiated solution which would bring all South Africans together. For this reason, since 1994 we have been the champions of reconciliation. You have learned from our Annual General Conference that our relationship with the ANC is at the lowest level since 1994 and that many crises are impending in that respect. Nonetheless, we will continue to pursue reconciliation, irrespective of whatever course of action we may be forced to take in order to pursue our principles and maintain their integrity. But we cannot run away from our tryst with destiny, whatever it may turn out to be.
We must be prepared for the long and hard road which we have walked alone before the liberation of South Africa in 1994. I warned even before 1994, that the long and hard road we walked before our political emancipation, would be even harder in the future. I hate to say to my people now that didn't I warn you, for I did. Those of us who are in executive or other elected positions, must expect things to change whichever way the decision of the Constitutional Court goes. It is quite clear to me that the crossing-of-the-floor legislation was a watershed event in our political landscape, and that things can never remain the same again, however much we try to maintain the status quo.
We have always sought to maintain the moral high ground and we shall never abandon it. It is essential that our Youth Brigade shows leadership by being on the frontline of what the IFP does to maintain the moral high ground. We will weather any crises which may lie ahead by continuing to believe and rely on democracy. We will continue to reject any form of violence and intimidation which anyone may use as tools of political action. The IFP abhors violence and intimidation. Violence and intimidation have always penalized the IFP and we have been their major victims. Our commitment to democracy, non-violence and the rule of law is unqualified, complete and unwavering. It is essential that our Youth Brigade shows its colours on the frontline of this quest for the moral high ground. We must prove to be democrats and believe in the rule of law, not by means of words, but through tangible deeds. We must transform the IFP Youth Brigade into a great academy of democracy which graduates young people into genuine democrats. Let us invite all the youth of South Africa to join forces with us in graduating as many of our young people as possible into being defenders of democracy.
There are great challenges ahead. The IFP Youth Brigade has the burden of living up to the challenges which are now confronting democracy at all levels. You must become the agent of democracy within our Party, within your schools, within the work-places and within communities. Democracy is both about rights and duties. Agents of democracy are as committed to calling for the respect of their rights as they are in the fulfilment of their duties. The future belongs to you if you begin now fulfilling the duties which are expected of you as young citizens and young democrats. Our duties begin at home and in our work-places and in our communities. I urge the IFP Youth Brigade to embrace the fulfilment of its duties at all levels of our society so that we can show the measure of our responsibility. Through responsibility, dedication and hard work we shall forge our claim to provide leadership to the whole country to build a better future for all of you. Let us have the optimism to commit ourselves to put in the hard work that it takes to secure success. Success is yours. Go and get it ! Act with discipline, fulfil your duties and make of this Party the best you can, not only for now but also for the time when one of you will stand in my place, at my age, addressing people of your age.